The results of a report can not only be supplemented through meaningful or helpful data but the severity of the results can be modified. This is called Override by Mageni.
These overrides are especially useful to manage results that are discovered as a false positive and that have been given a critical severity but should be given a different severity (i.e. False Positive) in the future. The same is true for results that only have been given the severity Log but should be assigned a higher severity locally. These can be managed with an override as well.
The use of overrides makes also sense to manage acceptable risks. The risk of a vulnerability can be ranked new and as such the risks that, in your opinion, are not critical can be re-evaluated in the results.
What is a false positive?
A false positive is a result that describes a problem that does not exist in reality. Often vulnerability scanners find proof that point to a security issue. A final prediction is not possible, however. Two options are now available:
- Reporting of a potentially non-existent vulnerability (False Positive).
- Omission of the reporting of the potentially existing vulnerability (False Negative).
Since a user is able to recognize, manage and handle these as it is not the case with false negatives, Mageni vulnerability scanner reports all potentially existing vulnerabilities. Mageni assists with several automatic and semi-automatic to categorize them.
This problem is especially typical with Enterprise Linux distributions. If, for example, a SSH service in version 4.4 is installed and the software reports this version during a connection attempt, a vulnerability scanner, that knows of a vulnerability in this version, will report this as such. The vendor potentially already addressed the vulnerability and released version 4.4-p1 that is already installed. This version still reports to the outside version 4.4 so that the vulnerability scanner cannot differentiate. If the scan administrator knows of this circumstance an override can ensure that these results are no longer being displayed.
Creating an Override
Overrides like notes can be created in different ways. The simplest way to get to this option is through the respective scan result in a report. At the top right of each finding the Add Override icon new_override can be found.
Overrides have the same function as notes, however, they add the possibility to adjust the severity:
- False Positive
Vulnerabilities with the level False Positive are not being displayed in the reports. But special reports for findings of this level can be created. As with overrides they can have a time limitation.
Disabling and Enabling Overrides
Wherever overrides may change the display of the results, the overrides may be enabled or disabled. This may be done using the icon overrides_enabled in the title bar.
Automatic False Positives
Mageni is able to detect false positives automatically and can assign an override automatically. However the target system must be analyzed internally and externally with an authenticated scan.
An authenticated scan can identify vulnerabilities in locally installed software. As such vulnerabilities can be identified that can be exploited by local users or are available to an attacker if he already gained local access as an unprivileged user for example. In many cases an attack occurs in different phases and an attacker exploits multiple vulnerabilities to increase his privileges.
An authenticated scan offers a second more powerful function justifying its execution. In many cases by scanning the system externally, it can not be properly identified if a vulnerability really exists. In doubt, Mageni reports all potential vulnerabilities. With the authenticated scan many of these potential vulnerabilities can be recognized and filtered as false positives.
This problem is especially typical with Enterprise Linux distributions. If, for example, a SSH service in version 4.4 is installed and the software reports this version during a connection attempt, a vulnerability scanner, that knows of a vulnerability in this version, will report this as such. The vendor potentially already addressed the vulnerability and released version 4.4-p1 that is already installed. This version still reports to the outside version 4.4 so that the vulnerability scanner cannot differentiate. If an authenticated scan was performed the Mageni can recognize that the version 4.4-p1 is installed and no longer contains this vulnerability.
Automatic false positives are enabled with the Report-Filter function (see section Powerfilter). This functionality gives the best results when using the Partial CVE match